Portuguese language activity, aimed at third-year high school students, with questions developed about the use of punctuation.
You can download this Portuguese exercise in an editable Word template, ready to print in PDF and also the completed activity.
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1) In the two sequences that follow, there are three statements. One of them is in direct order, dispensing with the comma. In two of them there is an inversion or an intercalation. Place a comma to indicate inversion or interleaving.
I. a) Alexandre Flemming invented penicillin by chance.
b) By chance Alexandre Flemming invented penicillin.
c) Alexandre Flemming by chance invented penicillin.
II. a) On March 13, 2008, traffic in São Paulo registered 186km of congestion.
b) Traffic in São Paulo registered 186km of congestion on March 13, 2008.
c) Traffic in São Paulo on March 13, 2008 registered 186km of congestion.
2) The most common function of the comma is to indicate that two terms in the sentence are neighbors, but not syntactically linked to each other. As a result, it makes no sense to use a comma between juxtaposed and interconnected words or expressions. Tick the alternative where the comma no it is appropriate to be separating two syntactically interconnected terms.
a) Often, a king provokes war to his advantage.
b) No eggs, before the deadline, produce healthy offspring.
c) The journey between a plan and its execution, costs sacrifice and stubbornness.
d) Dear friend, everyone here awaits your prompt recovery.
e) Only the true owner of power, the people, can depose an elected president in a democratic regime.
3) Note the three statements that follow:
I. Residents of the Brazilian countryside complain about the lack of basic resources for their well-being; those of the city, of insecurity.
II. Rio de Janeiro, April 21, 1792. Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, known as Tiradentes, is executed.
III. Urban planners have proposed to São Paulo charging tolls, banning parking on busy streets, rotation between even and odd plates, ban on cars with a single passenger, improvement of public transport, etc.
Considering the use of the comma, is (are) correct (s):
a) Only I.
b) Only II.
c) Only III.
d) I, II and III.
e) Only I and II.
4) Note the following statement:
If men knew the value they have, their women would live at their feet.
With the use of a comma, a different division can be established between the two clauses of that period, and the resulting meaning is completely altered. Make this work.
5) In addition to being useful for separating terms in a clause, the comma is also used to separate clauses from each other. It should, however, be remembered that not all sentences are separated by a comma. Tick the alternative where the comma between clauses no complies with written language standards.
a) The more traditional ones say that people are educated with punishment and punishment.
b) If the people appreciated literature more, there would not be so much loose ignorance throughout this great world.
c) The anguish of a convict becomes visible when he goes to the electric chair.
d) My inner world, I think, would be the same as everyone else my age.
e) All these qualities are not invented, they exist in real life.
Per Camila Farias.
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