activity of text interpretation, aimed at students in the fifth year of elementary school, about the araucaria tree. This Brazilian pine has a very peculiar aspect […] How about getting to know the araucaria better? So, read the text carefully! Then answer the various interpretive questions proposed!
You can download this text comprehension activity in editable Word template ready to print in PDF and also the activity with answers.
Download this text interpretation exercise at:
This Brazilian pine has a very peculiar appearance (erect trunk and arched branches, with thorny tufts at the ends). […]
The famous edible pinecones fall in July, at the height of winter. They are the ones that guarantee the survival of several species of fauna from the south and southeast of Brazil, such as rodents (pacas, agoutis, hedgehogs, mice and squirrels) and birds (purple-breasted parrot, jay, toucans and airus).
A curiosity: the Kaingáng ethnic group, who use their fruit not only roasted but also in the manufacture of flour, usually bury the pine cones in shallow streams and under running water, as a way of increasing their durability and preventing budding.
It is worth mentioning: pine nuts are rich in energy reserves (57% starch) and amino acids.
Unfortunately, the araucaria is on the list of Brazilian flora species threatened with extinction, once again due to its indiscriminate exploitation. Of the 20 million hectares that were originally covered by araucaria forest, today this number is no more than 2% of area. The difficulty in preserving what remains is also due to the fragmentation of natural populations and the long reproductive cycle (seed production normally occurs after 15 to 20 years of age).
In addition to wood being easily attacked by rotting fungi and termites, there is deforestation disordered (for use in boilers of locomotives, ships and stoves, as it has high power calorific; and for handicrafts (it is the raw material for sculptures), among other applications.
But all is not lost: araucaria is also used in the restoration of riparian forests, in food and in medicinal use […]
Available in: .(With cuts and adaptations).
Question 1 - In the passage “This Brazilian pine tree has a very peculiar aspect […]”, which pine tree does the text refer to?
Question 2 – The passage “[…] (upright trunk and arched branches, with thorny tufts at the ends).” It is:
( ) a narration.
( ) a description.
( ) an argument.
Question 3 – In “[…] the Kaingáng ethnic group […] usually bury the pine cones in shallow streams and under running water […]”, the text reveals:
( ) a habit of the Kaingáng ethnic group.
( ) a suggestion of the Kaingáng ethnicity.
( ) a hypothesis about the Kaingáng ethnicity.
Question 4 – In the "[…] today this number is no more than 2% of area.”, the underlined term indicates:
( ) place.
( ) mode.
( ) time.
Question 5 - According to the text, the reproductive cycle of the araucaria represents one of the difficulties for the preservation of the species. Because?
Question 6 - According to the text, araucaria wood is used “in boilers for locomotives, boats and stoves”, because:
( ) “has high calorific value”.
( ) “it is the raw material for sculptures”.
( ) “it is easily attacked by rotting fungi and termites”.
Question 7 - In the fragment “[…] the araucaria is also applied in the restoration of riparian forests, in food and medicinal use […]”, the text exposes facts about the araucaria, which:
( ) are added.
( ) alternate.
( ) are contrasted.
Question 8 - Identify the segment that presents an opinion on a fact:
( ) “The famous edible pinecones fall in July, at the height of winter.”
( ) “[…] pine nuts are rich in energy reserves (57% starch) and amino acids.”
( ) “Unfortunately, the araucaria is on the list of threatened Brazilian flora species […]”
By Denyse Lage Fonseca
Graduated in Letters and specialist in distance education.